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Pseudoraphis smut

Scientific Name
Sporisorium anthracoideisporum
Scientific Author
Vánky & R.G. Shivas
Taxonomy
Basidiomycota, Ustilaginomycetes, Ustilaginales, Ustilaginaceae
Status
Native Australian Species
Reliability
High
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Diagnostic Images

Host symptoms
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Caption
Sporisorium anthracoideisporum on Pseudoraphis spinescens - BRIP 25743. Scale bar = 5 mm
Source
Roger Shivas DEEDI
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Diagnostic Images (3)
Diagnostic Notes
Sori in both florets of some or all spikelets of an inflorescence, cylindrical, 2–6 mm long, 0.5–1.5 mm wide, sometimes slightly curved, at first covered by a thin silvery to grey peridium that splits longitudinally at several places, on the side and from the apex of the sori, exposing the blackish brown powdery mass of spore balls, spores and 1 or 3 filiform or band-like central columellae c. the length of the sori, composed of host tissues permeated by hyphae.

Spore balls rounded to elongate or irregular, composed of few to many spores, 20–100 µm long, dark reddish brown, opaque, readily disintegrating into single spores.

Spores subpolyhedral, elongate, irregular, rarely subapiculate or spherical, (9.5–) 11–22 (–25) × (8–) 9–13 (–16) µm, dark reddish brown; wall irregularly thickened, 0.5–1.5 µm, at the angles up to 2.5 µm thick, in LM smooth or very finely punctate, in SEM finely, variably densely verruculose.

Spore germination resulting in 4–8-celled basidia 50–90 × 2.5–3.0 µm. Basidiospores ovoid to long-ellipsoidal, 3–15 × 1–2 µm, produced on sterigmata laterally and terminally on basidia; hyphae on the basidia rarely branched, c. 2.5 µm wide. In culture, basidiospores giving rise to yeast colonies of cells similar to the basidiospores.

Sterile cells of the peridium in chains; individual cells subcylindrical, rounded or slightly irregular, 5–10 µm diam., hyaline; wall uniformly c. 0.5 µm thick, smooth
More Information
Specimen Contact
Roger Shivas
Author
Roger Shivas
Created
22/11/2010 01:09 AEST
Last Updated
23/11/2010 15:15 AEST
Citation
Roger Shivas (2010) Pseudoraphis smut (Sporisorium anthracoideisporum) Updated on 11/23/2010 3:15:00 PM Available online: PaDIL - http://www.padil.gov.au.
Image Use
Free for use under the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Australia License

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