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Asiatic honeybee

Scientific Name
Apis cerana
Scientific Author
Fabricius
Taxonomy
(Hymenoptera: Apidae)
Status
Exotic Species Establishment in Australia
Reliability
High
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Diagnostic Notes

These are the recognised Apis cerana subspecies:


Apis cerana cerana, Apis cerana himalaya, Apis cerana javana, Apis cerana indica, Apis cerana sinensis, Apis cerana japonica


Apis cerana can be distinguished from Apis mellifera by the following characters:

Apis cerana is distinctly smaller and has more prominent abdominal stripes than A. mellifera. Apis cerana also has a distinct hindwing character as shown in the figure shown.

In the wild, Apis cerana prefers to nest in small spaces, such as hollowed out tree trunks. Like the honeybee (Apis mellifera), they are partly domesticated and used in agriculture, mostly in wooden boxes with fixed frames. Apis cerana is the natural host to the mite genus Varroa, a serious pest of the European honeybee (Apis mellifera). By more careful grooming, Apis cerana has a better defense mechanism against Varroa mites.


Differentiation characters between various species of Apis

Charactermelliferaceranadorsataflorea
 
Forewing length:8.0-9.77.4-9.012.5-14.56.0-6.9
 
Cubital index:1.65-2.953.1-5.16.1-9.82.8-3.7
 
Tomental hair:T3-5T-3-6T3-6T3-6
 
Nest:Several combs
in cavities
Several combs
in cavities
Single large
comb at bottom
of branch
or
projecting rock
Single large
comb at bottom
of branch
or
projecting rock


Source

More Information
Specimen Contact
Museum Victoria
Author
Walker, K.
Created
27/05/2005 04:28 AEST
Last Updated
24/01/2017 01:15 AEST
Citation
Walker, K. (2005) Asiatic honeybee (Apis cerana) Updated on 1/24/2017 1:15:04 AM Available online: PaDIL - http://www.padil.gov.au.
Image Use
Free for use under the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Australia License

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