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Formosan subterranean termite

Scientific Name
Coptotermes formosanus
Scientific Author
Shiraki
Taxonomy
(Isoptera: Rhinotermitidae: Coptotermitinae)

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Diagnostic Notes

The soldiers of C formosanus resemble those of C gestroi. Both species have a large fontanelle, when viewed from above, both also have a tear drop-shaped head;

The soldiers of two species may be separated as:

-                      Coptotermes gestroi soldiers have one pair of hairs near the rim of the fontanelle and the lateral profile of the top of the head just behind the fontanelle shows a weak bulge

-                      C. formosanus has two pairs of hairs that originate around the fontanelle and the lateral profile of the top of the head just behind the fontanelle do not show a weak bulge,

The alates of these two species may be separated as:

-                      C. gestroi combined body and wing length 13-14mm, maximum head width 1.4mm; colour on head, pronotum, and dorsal abdomen dark brown.

-                      C. formosanus combined body and wing length 14-15 mm, and maximum head width 1.5mm; colour on head, pronotum, and dorsal abdomen entirely a lighter yellow-brown or orange-brown.

Source:

http://creatures.ifas.ufl.edu/urban/termites/havilandi.htm

More Information
Author
Walker, K.
Created
31/10/2005 12:48 AEST
Last Updated
21/10/2011 09:31 AEST
Citation
Walker, K. (2005) Formosan subterranean termite (Coptotermes formosanus) Updated on 10/21/2011 9:31:17 AM Available online: PaDIL - http://www.padil.gov.au.
Image Use
Free for use under the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Australia License

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