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Spionid worm

Scientific Name
Boccardia proboscidea
Scientific Author
Hartman, 1940
Taxonomy
Annelida: Polychaeta: Spionidae
Status
Exotic Species Establishment in Australia
Reliability
High
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Diagnostic Images

Modified chaetae
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Caption
Drawing of modified chaetae
Source
after Blake, J. A. & Kudenov, J. D. (1978) Memoirs of the National Museum of Victoria
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Diagnostic Images (3)
Other Images (1)
Diagnostic Notes

Prostomium blunt, Anteriorly truncate or rounded; with entire anterior margin, or bifid, with anterior margin indented (weakly); without frontal or lateral horns. Posterior prolongation of prostomium continuing back to chaetiger 3 (posterior margin); free from dorsum. Occipital antenna absent. Eyes present, 4. Palps simple, lacking basal sheath.


Dorsal branchiae present, first on chaetiger 2, continue to near posterior end of body (absent for at most posterior one-third of body). Dorsal branchiae interrupted, (absent) on chaetigers 5. Dorsal branchiae free and separate from notopodial lamellae throughout, all simple. Accessory branchiae arising from posterior part of notopodium absent. Ventral branchiae absent.


Dorsal crests absent. Chaetiger 1 with notochaetae. Chaetigers 2-4 similar, not strongly differentiated. Chaetiger 5 highly modified, enlarged and with specialised chaetae; with two types of modified spine present. Chaetiger 5: simple, curved or subdistally inflated spines present; spines with subdistal tooth or flange absent; pennoned spines, with strongly asymmetrical tips absent; spines with flattened or cup-shaped tip present; spines with terminal or subterminal bristles present. Chaetiger 5 companion chaetae absent. Posterior modified notochaetae present. Notopodial hooded hooks present. Neurochaetae of chaetiger 1 simple capillaries similar to those of subsequent chaetigers. Neuropodial hooded hooks absent; first on chaetiger 7; with accessory tooth or teeth above the main fang; with 1 accessory tooth (bidentate); secondary tooth and main fang forming a prominent angle, about 90ยบ or more. Shaft of neuropodial hooded hooks of constant thickness, lacking a constriction. Neuropodial sabre chaetae present, in ventral-most positions. Neuropodial spines present. Pygidium with 4 lobes, dorsal pair smaller than ventral.

More Information
Specimen Contact
Robin Wilson
Author
Wilson, R. & Dane, E.
Created
12/06/2008 03:46 AEST
Last Updated
16/06/2008 18:39 AEST
Citation
Wilson, R. & Dane, E. (2008) Spionid worm (Boccardia proboscidea) Updated on 6/16/2008 6:39:37 PM Available online: PaDIL - http://www.padil.gov.au.
Image Use
Free for use under the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Australia License

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