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White leaf disease of sugarcane

Scientific Name
Sugarcane white leaf Phytoplasma
Scientific Author
-
Taxonomy
(Phytoplasma)

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Diagnostic Notes

Symptoms

 

Initially, a single white or cream line parallel to the midrib occurs, which can be seen from either side of the blade. Later, several straight white to light green to yellow stripes develops parallel to the midrib develop extending along the entire leaf length, but rarely onto the upper portion of the leaf sheath. The stripe wide ranges from narrow pin stripe to as broad as the leaf. A mottled pattern of normal or light green dot, spot, streak or patch islands may develop on a white background, varying in size and shape. If there are many green islands, the leaves will look green. As the disease develops, the plant vigour decreases. Others symptoms are stunted stalks, absence of side shoots on the upper part of infected stalks and abnormal tillering (Ling 1962).

 

The pathogen:

 

Pleomorphic Phytoplasma bodies have been observed in sieve tube elements of infected sugarcane. They vary in size from 80 to 800 nm, do not have a wall cell and their membrane is approximately 10 nm thick (Maramorosch et al. 1975). 

 

The disease can be detected by PCR-based methods (Wongkaew et al. 1997). Detection of Phytoplasma infection can be accomplished in crude tissue extracts by serological methods (ELISA) (Sarindu & Clark 1993).

 

More Information
Specimen Contact
Dr Jose R. Liberato
Author
Liberato JR, Sakuanrungsirikul S, Sdoodee R & Charaensatapon R
Created
01/09/2006 10:30 AEST
Last Updated
04/09/2014 02:03 AEST
Citation
Liberato JR, Sakuanrungsirikul S, Sdoodee R & Charaensatapon R (2006) White leaf disease of sugarcane (Sugarcane white leaf Phytoplasma) Updated on 9/4/2014 2:03:09 AM Available online: PaDIL - http://www.padil.gov.au.
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Free for use under the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Australia License

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