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Mango Fruit Borer

Scientific Name
Citripestis eutraphera
Scientific Author
(Meyrick) 1933
Taxonomy
(Lepidoptera:Pyralidae)
Status
Exotic Species Establishment in Australia
Reliability
High
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Diagnostic Notes
Identification is currently undergoing peer review as part of the National Diagnostic Protocols by SPHDS.

Characteristic damage includes spoiled fruit, holes in the side of fruit with frass and sap; premature fruit drop can occur as the larvae approach maturity (L Zhang 2010 pers. comm).

Eggs less than 1 mm in diameter; laid on mango fruit or stalk; flattened appearance; white in colour when first laid but change to red; hatch in 2-3 days.

Larvae newly hatched larvae feed on the skin of the fruit and then bore into the fruit flesh where they feed for between 12-15 days. Often there is more than one larva in a fruit with a total of 15 recorded in one fruit (L. Zhang 2009 pers. comm).

Pupa larvae pupate either in soil or in fallen fruit; pupal stage is approximately 14 days.

Adult antenna of male Citripestis is pectinate which will distinguish them from most other phycitine genera. Association with Rutaceae provides additional support for Citripestis. Definitive diagnosis of this species would rely on comparison of male or female genitalia with representative specimens or analysis or DNA barcoding.

Forewing ground colour yellowish-grey, veins black scaled, antemedian band non-existent, postmedian band pale yellowish-grey, fuscous interspersed with creamy white scales, with rusty red, cream, black fringe; hindwing ground colour dirty white with black scaling along veins, anal area less black veined scales but with long dark, white hairs, cubital pectin present; head fuscous (black, dark brown, rusty red) with scattered cream scales; basally scaled proboscis; ♂ palps thick and curved up; maxillary palps long, heavily scaled extending above vertex; ocelli, chaetosema present; thorax light brown to fuscous with interspersed cream scales; abdomen ventrally distal half less fuscous changing to more grey, black, cream; legs fuscous with interspersed cream scales; ♀ labial palps long and tapering, fuscous with interspersed cream scales.

♂ transtilla not sclerotized; distal end of costa of valva has a short bifurcation, clasper existent; aedeagus with two small thorns distally.

♀ genitalia undescribed.

Coming soon - PBT link with DNA barcoding for Citripestis eutraphera
More Information
Specimen Contact
daff.gov.au, nt.gov.au
Author
S. Anderson & L. Tran-Nguyen
Created
10/02/2012 12:37 AEST
Last Updated
24/02/2012 19:20 AEST
Citation
S. Anderson & L. Tran-Nguyen (2012) Mango Fruit Borer (Citripestis eutraphera) Updated on 2/24/2012 7:20:30 PM Available online: PaDIL - http://www.padil.gov.au.
Image Use
Free for use under the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Australia License

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