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Dagger Nematode

Scientific Name
Xiphinema americanum
Scientific Author
(Cobb, 1913) Micoletzky, 1922
Taxonomy
(Nematoda: Dorylaimida: Longidoridae)
Pest Status
0 Unknown
Status
NZ - Exotic
Reliability
High
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Distribution

  • Afrotropic
  • Australasia
  • Indo-Malaya
  • Nearctic
  • Neotropic
  • Palearctic

Description

Distribution List (from CABI CPC 2006)

Europe: Hungary, present, Stouffer & Mowery, 1980. Poland, present, Wasilewska, 1971. Russian Federation, widespread, Romanenko, 1971; Borzykh, 1972; Metlitskii & Romanenko, 1972; Lisetskaya, 1973; Koev & Nesterov, 1974; Boldyrev & Borzykh, 1979. Russian Far East, present, Polozov, 1979. Spain, present, Weiland Ardaiz et al., 1995. United Kingdom, present, Dale & Brown, 1973.

Asia: [China]. Guangdong, widespread, Yin, 1994; Yin et al., 1994. Sichuan, present, Hu et al., 1991. [India]. Assam, present, Phukan & Sanwal, 1982. Uttar Pradesh, widespread, Siddiqi, 1959; Khan & Khan, 1972; Thapa & Ganguly, 1990, 1993; Ganguly & Khan, 1991; Khan et al., 1992. Japan, widespread, Mamiya, 1969; Ohshima et al., 1971; Saigusa & Ando, 1973; Iwaki & Komuro, 1974. Kyushu, present, Gotoh, 1965. Kazakhstan, present, Sofrygina, 1974. Korea, DPR, present, Lee & Han, 1976. Oman, present, Waller & Bridge, 1978. Pakistan, widespread, Saeed & Ashrafi, 1973; Saeed et al., 1988; Khan et al., 1989; Nasira & Maqbool, 1994. Philippines, present, Valdez, 1980. Sri Lanka, present, Loos, 1949. Tajikistan, present, Ivanova, 1972. Turkey, present, Bora, 1970. Uzbekistan, widespread, Bora, 1970. Africa. Nigeria, present, Babatola, 1984.

Central America & Caribbean: Guatemala, present, Thorne & Shieber, 1962. Panama, present, Pinochet et al., 1986.

North America: Canada, restricted distribution, Hansen et al., 1974; Dias, 1977. Mexico, present, EPPO, 2006. USA, restricted distribution, EPPO, 2006. Arkansas, present, Robbins et al., 1989; Wehunt et al., 1991. California, widespread, French et al., 1964; Lownsbery et al., 1969, 1974; McKenry & Kretsch, 1984; EPPO, 2006. Connecticut, widespread, Miller, 1980. Florida, present, MacGowan, 1980; Mead, 1988, 1989, 1990. Georgia (USA), present, Churchill & Ruehle, 1971. Hawaii, present, Holtzmann, 1964; EPPO, 2006. Illinois, present, Ferris & Bernard, 1971. Indiana, present, Bergeson & Green, 1979. Iowa, present, Norton & Oard, 1981. Kansas, present, Crow & MacDonald, 1978. Louisiana, widespread, Fielding & Hollis, 1956. Maryland, present, Feldmesser & Golden, 1972; Wojtowicz et al., 1982. Massachusetts, present, Di Sanzo & Rohde, 1969. Michigan, present, Knierim, 1964; Bird & Ramsdell, 1985. Minnesota, present, Crow & MacDonald, 1978. New York, present, Ward, 1960; Wojtowicz et al., 1982; Georgi, 1988a, b, c; Norton & Edwards, 1988. North Carolina, present, Ruehle & Sasser, 1962; Lucas et al., 1974. North Dakota, present, Clarke & Smolik, 1979; Krupinsky et al., 1983. Ohio, widespread, Wilson & Hedden, 1967. Oregon, restricted distribution, Converse, 1981; Converse & Ramsdell, 1982; EPPO, 2006. Pennsylvania, widespread, Jaffee et al., 1987. Rhode Island, present, Tarjan, 1956. South Carolina, present, Sammons & Barnett, 1987. South Dakota, present, Malek, 1968; Malek & Smolik, 1975; Krupinsky et al., 1983. Tennessee, present, Ponchillia, 1975; Niblack & Bernard, 1985; Shamiyeh & Bernard, 1995. Washington, widespread, Santo & Ponti, 1981; EPPO, 2006. Wisconsin, widespread, Griffin, 1964; Griffin & Darling, 1964.

South America: Argentina, present, Bergna, 1968. Brazil, present, EPPO, 2006. Sao Paulo, present, EPPO, 2006. Chile, present, Jimenez Roco, 1974; Guinez, 1980; Auger, 1989; EPPO, 2006. Ecuador, present, Bridge, 1976. Peru, present, EPPO, 2006. Uruguay, widespread, Alvarez Argudin, 1970; Mesa & Alvarez Argudin, 1974. Venezuela, present, Crozzoli et al., 1991.

Oceania: Australia, widespread, Stirling, 1975; Harris, 1980. New South Wales, widespread, Anderson, 1965; McLeod, 1979


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