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black twig borer

Scientific Name
Xylosandrus compactus
Scientific Author
(Eichhoff, 1875)
Taxonomy
(Coleoptera: Curculionidae: Scolytinae: Xyleborini)
Status
Exotic species - absent from Australia
Reliability
High
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Commodity Type

  • Timber
  • Fresh Stems
  • Ornamentals
  • Citrus
  • Berries

Description

This is a significant pest species as it is one of the few ambrosia beetles that attacks healthy plants.

The black twig borer is commonly intercepted in food products such as seeds and nuts and is a serious pest of coffee.

Wide host range of over 224 recorded hosts in 62 families for the black twig borer, some of them are the orchids Cattleya, Dendrobium, Epidendrum, Vanda; other hosts include anthurium, avocado (Persea americana), citrus, coffee (Coffea canephora), cocoa (Theobroma cacao), mahogany (Swertia spp.), brushbox (Tristania conferta), turpentine tree (Syncarpia glomulifers), paper-bark (Melaleuca leucadendron), red-ironbark eucalyptus (Eucalyptus sideroxylon), blackbutt eucalyptus (E. pilularis), robust eucalyptus (E. robusta), Koa haole (Leucaena glauca), guava, vervain (Stachytarpheta jamaicensis), Christmasberry (Schinus terebinthifolius) floral red ginger, litchi, macadamia, mango, mahogany, hibiscus, kukui, star jasmine, pikake, periwinkle, Surinam cherry.

Source:

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