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Shot-hole borer

Scientific Name
Apate terebrans
Scientific Author
(Pallas, 1772)
(Coleoptera: Bostrichidae: Apatinae: Apatini)
Exotic species - absent from Australia
Exotic species - absent from Australia

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Diagnostic Images

Head front female
Africa: Mozambique, 2001. AQIS interception
Simon Hinkley & Ken Walker Museums Victoria
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Diagnostic Images (9)
Other Images (7)
Diagnostic Notes
The tribe Apatini is characterised by:

- Hind coxae contiguous or closely approximated

- Pronotum hood-like; head deeply inserted into the pronotum underneath, head not entirely visible from above

- Pronotum with posterolateral carina but carina not present along entire lateral margin

- Tarsal segment 1 shorter than segment 2 and segment 3 also shorter than segment 2

- Antennal club segments 1 and 2 cup shaped and strongly transverse

The genus Apate is characterised by:

- Body length: 5.5-32.0mm

- Elytra dorsal apical end with 2-3 prominent ridges

- Apical declivity abruptly truncated and armed with 2 or 3 pairs of projections

- Clypeus anterior margin not concave and usually with a single toothlike, smooth triangular projection in the middle.

There are 15 known valid species in this genus.

Genus Sex determination:

- Pronotum with anterior angles with a hooked tooth (Males), unarmed (Females)

- Antennal club segments without pits (Males), pitted (Females)

- Frons without a crown of brush or hair (Males), with a brush or hairs (Females)

Diagnostic characteristics of this species include:


- Body length: 21.0-32.0mm

- Frontal teeth short, triangular and dorso-ventrally compressed

- Each granule on middle pf basal half of pronotum with a very small puncture

- Frons covered with a brush of very dense reddish hair


- 21.0-32.0mm

- Elytra sculpturing appearing swollen and varicose-like

- Granules in the middle of vertex about same size as the lateral granules

- Rim of apical border of apical declivity narrowing towards the sutural angle of each elytron

Source: Graham Goodyer 2008 (unpublished) Identification of Bostrichid beetles to Genus and Species.
More Information
Walker, K.
28/05/2005 02:40 AEST
Last Updated
25/08/2021 10:12 AEST
Walker, K. (2005) Shot-hole borer (Apate terebrans) Updated on 8/25/2021 10:12:25 AM Available online: PaDIL -
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Free for use under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International (CC BY-NC 4.0)